JURNAL MEDIA KESEHATAN https://jurnal.poltekkes-kemenkes-bengkulu.ac.id/index.php/jmk <p>Contains writings that are taken from the results of research in the fields of Nursing, Midwifery, Nutrition, Health Analyst, Environmental Health, Health Promotion and Pharmacy</p> en-US jurnal@poltekkes-kemenkes-bengkulu.ac.id (Lusi Andriani, SST.M.Kes) lusianto80@gmail.com (Lusi Andriani, SST, M.Kes.) Wed, 30 Jun 2021 00:00:00 +0700 OJS http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 HUBUNGAN FUSSY EATING DAN EARLY CHILDHOOD CARIES https://jurnal.poltekkes-kemenkes-bengkulu.ac.id/index.php/jmk/article/view/635 <p><strong>Background:</strong> <em>Fussy Eating</em> is an usual problematic eating behavior among children, but it has negative impact to children’s health, including oral health. <em>Early Childhood Caries (ECC) is the most common dental hard tissue disease. Prevalence of ECC in Indonesia is 90% (Riskesdas, 2018). <strong>Aim:</strong> the purpose of this study is to</em> <em>is to understand the association between Fussy Eating and ECC of children. <strong>Method:</strong>&nbsp; this study is observational with </em><em>cross-sectional design. Sampling was conducted with purposive sampling and total sample is 165 children between 3-5 years old with their mother. Subscale Food Fussiness of Children Eating Behaviour Questionnaire (CEBQ)&nbsp; is used to measure Fussy Eating behaviour of children. ECC was measured by def-t index.&nbsp; Data analysis using chi-square test. <strong>Result: </strong>Prevalence of children with Fussy Eating is 50,9%. This study found that Fussy Eating was significantly associated with ECC(p-value </em><em>0,010</em><em>; OR = </em><em>2,380</em><em>; 95% CI </em><em>1,273-4,450). <strong>Conclusion:</strong> Fussy Eating contribute on development of ECC.</em></p> <p><em>&nbsp;</em></p> Muthiara Praziandite ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://jurnal.poltekkes-kemenkes-bengkulu.ac.id/index.php/jmk/article/view/635 Wed, 30 Jun 2021 00:00:00 +0700 GAMBARAN PEMANJANGAN INTERVAL QTC PADA TERAPI JANGKA PENDEK PASIEN TB MDR https://jurnal.poltekkes-kemenkes-bengkulu.ac.id/index.php/jmk/article/view/581 <p><strong>Problems</strong>:Indonesia is one of 30 countries with a high burden of MDR-TB, with an estimated 23,000 (range, 16,000-31,000) cases, with a percentage of 8.8% (range, 6.2-12) for every 100,000 population. One of the challenges in MDR TB treatment is the high rate of side effects. In may 2016, WHO issued a recommendation the use of a standardized 9-11 months short-term therapy regimen. The side effect that can occure in this treatment combination is the prolongation of the QTc interval due to the administration of moxifloxacin (Mfx) and clofazimine (Cfz). <strong>The aim of the research</strong>: to determine the incidence of QTc interval prolongation in MDR-TB patients receiving short-term therapy regimen. <strong>Research method</strong>:This research is an observational study with retrospective data collection. Sampling was done by total sampling, obtained 51 subjects entered the exclusion criteria and there were 74 subjects who met the inclusion criteria. <strong>The results</strong>:there has been QTc interval prolongation with an average 31.31 ± 43.471 ms from the baseline, the longest QTc interval value is 756 ms with a mean of 468,54±33,565 &nbsp;ms, 52 (70,3%) subjects experienced QTc interval prolongation. <strong>Conclusions</strong>: There was QTc interval prolongation in MDR-TB patients with short-term therapy regimen.</p> Mifta Mansur, Budi Suprapti, Movita Hidayati, Umi Fatmawati ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://jurnal.poltekkes-kemenkes-bengkulu.ac.id/index.php/jmk/article/view/581 Wed, 30 Jun 2021 00:00:00 +0700 EVALUASI KELENGKAPAN PENULISAN RESEP PASIEN DI INSTALASI FARMASI RSKJ SOEPRAPTO PROVINSI BENGKULU SEBELUM DAN SESUDAH AKREDITASI https://jurnal.poltekkes-kemenkes-bengkulu.ac.id/index.php/jmk/article/view/642 <p><em>A prescription is a written request from a doctor or dentist to a pharmacist, either in paper or electronic form to provide and deliver drugs to patients in accordance with applicable regulations.</em> <em>Good prescription should contain enough information that allows a pharmacist concerned to understand what medication will be administered to patients. Writing and filling prescription clearly needs to be considered to avoid medication error. This research aimed the completeness of prescription at pharmaceutical installation RSKJ Soeprapto Bengkulu in 2019 based on administrative and pharmaceutical aspects. Samples on this study were taken with the Quota Sampling technique using Slovin formula with error rate of 5%. The results showed that the administartif completeness description</em> <em>before accreditation is 73,25% and after accreditation is 81.21%, while the description of aspects of pharmaceutical completeness before accreditation is 91.05% and after accreditation is 99% From 4444 samples studied in 2017 and 2019 there was an increase in completeness in writing prescriptions both in the administrative aspect, namely 7,96% and 7,95% from the pharmaceutical aspect</em></p> Riana Versita, Ikhsan Ikhsan, Maria Herliana Esa Kristiani ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://jurnal.poltekkes-kemenkes-bengkulu.ac.id/index.php/jmk/article/view/642 Wed, 30 Jun 2021 00:00:00 +0700 POLA PENGGUNAAN DAN KERASIONALAN OBAT TERHADAP LAMA RAWATAN PADA PASIEN MALARIA DI RSUD DR. M. YUNUS BENGKULU https://jurnal.poltekkes-kemenkes-bengkulu.ac.id/index.php/jmk/article/view/628 <p>This study was aimed to describe the relationship of drug uses rasionality, disease severity and pattern of drug uses on Malaria at Dr. M. Yunus Bengkulu Hospital. This was in observasional study with cross-sectional using datas of medical record. The result showed 101 of patient datas filled up eligibility criteria as inclusion and exclusion, 23 of them changed diagnosis and 78 datas did not changed diagnosis. Demographic and clinical characteristic test, evaluation of rationality used Gyssen and Drug Related Problem (DRP) and relations between variable used Chi-square and Independent T-Test gave 95% of confidence interval. Relation of socio-demographic characteristic in group of age was 4.314 times impacted than gender and education on changing diagnosis. where moderate severity has longer duration of treatment than mild severity, while in cost of treatment was not significantly (p&gt;0.05). In pattern of drug, single and combination was not significantly (p&gt;0.05) on duration of treatment , in statistically, single drug uses was more effective but should be researched about relapse incidence on malaria patient which use single drug. Rationality of drug relations against duration of treatment was significantly (p&lt;0.05), rational drug has shorter duration than irrational drug of treatment, so more effective and efficient. This study also showed DRP with improper drug selection was 34.26%.</p> Riana Versita, Dedy Almasdy, Zaini Dahlan ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://jurnal.poltekkes-kemenkes-bengkulu.ac.id/index.php/jmk/article/view/628 Wed, 30 Jun 2021 00:00:00 +0700 PENGGUNAAN HANDUK, KEBIASAAN MENGGIGIT KUKU JARI TANGAN TERHADAP KEJADIAN INFEKSI SOIL TRANSMITTED HELMINTH (STH) PADA ANAK PANTI ASUHAN DI JAYAPURA https://jurnal.poltekkes-kemenkes-bengkulu.ac.id/index.php/jmk/article/view/580 <p><strong>Problem: </strong>Helminthiasis is generally caused by the group of Soil Transmitted Helminth (STH) worms, namely<em> Ascaris lumbricoides</em>,<em> Trichuris trichiura</em> and hookworm. Worms have an impact on health problems such as diarrhea, malnutrition and anemia. Risk factors for helminthic infection including poor personal hygiene care, nail biting habits, the habit of not wearing footwear, contact with soil media, will increase the transmission of eggs that inhabit the intestines. <strong>The Aim Of The Research: </strong>To determine the prevalence of helminthiasis and risk factors for STH intestinal worms in children living in an orphanage in Jayapura. <strong>Research Method: </strong>Fecal samples were collected from orphanage children (n= 63) using saturated salt solution to detect the presence of STH worm eggs between months August-October 2020. <strong>The</strong> <strong>Results: </strong>The prevalence of STH worm infection in orphanages in Jayapura was 12.69% in the highest age group, 6-11 years old with <em>Ascaris lumbricoides, Trichuris trichiura </em>and hookworm infections. The dominant risk factors represented among the most infected children include sharing of towels, the habit of biting fingernails and the habit of not wearing footwear while playing were very significant factors for the incidence of STH worm infection (p&lt;0.05). <strong>Conclusion: </strong>The prevalence of STH worm infection in orphanage children in Jayapura was 12.69% in the highest age group 6-11 years with the most dominant risk factors are the habit of not wearint footwear while playing, the habit of biting fingernails and sharing towel together.</p> Risda Hartati, Novianti Yoyo Simega, Meidy J. Imbi, Indra Taufik Sahli, Asrianto Asrianto ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://jurnal.poltekkes-kemenkes-bengkulu.ac.id/index.php/jmk/article/view/580 Wed, 30 Jun 2021 00:00:00 +0700 TINGKAT PENGETAHUAN TENTANG MENOPAUSE DENGAN KUALITAS HIDUP WANITA PERIMENOPAUSE DI DESA SAKTI KECAMATAN NUSA PENIDA https://jurnal.poltekkes-kemenkes-bengkulu.ac.id/index.php/jmk/article/view/582 <p>Every complaint experienced by menopausal women can cause decreased quality of life. Quality of life is a unique individual perception of dignity and value in the context of culture and value systems, in which individuals exist and are associated with life goals and individual targets. This situation is a description of satisfaction, a sense of well-being, compared to an ideal state or one that should be achieved and reflected in daily activities. The quality of life for menopausal women decreases because menopausal women are not ready to accept menopause. Objectives<strong>:</strong> to find out whether there is a relationship between the level of knowledge about menopause and the quality of life of perimenopausal women in Sakti Village, Nusa Penida District. Methods<strong>:</strong> This research is a descriptive analytic study with a cross sectional approach, a sample of 100 respondents who met the inclusion criteria. Results<strong>:</strong> Most of the level of knowledge possessed by perimenopausal women in Sakti Nusa Penida Village have a good level of knowledge (54%) about menopause, while the quality of life of perimenopausal women in Sakti Village is good, namely 55%. The results of the cross tabulation of the data show that most of the respondents who have a good level of knowledge, namely 31 (31%) people, have a good quality of life too. Meanwhile, 22 (22%) perimenopausal mothers who had less knowledge had a poor quality of life. Meanwhile, the results of hypothesis testing obtained a sig value of 0.600 (sig&gt; 0.05). This means that there is no significant relationship between the level of knowledge and the quality of life of perimenopausal women in Sakti Village, Nusa Penida District.</p> Ni Komang Sri Ariani, Ni Made Ayu Yulia Raswati Teja ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://jurnal.poltekkes-kemenkes-bengkulu.ac.id/index.php/jmk/article/view/582 Wed, 30 Jun 2021 00:00:00 +0700 TINGKAT KEPATUHAN PENGGUNAAN MASKER DAN HAND SANITIZER MAHASISWA UNIVERSITAS 17 AGUSTUS 1945 JAKARTA SELAMA PANDEMI COVID-19 https://jurnal.poltekkes-kemenkes-bengkulu.ac.id/index.php/jmk/article/view/621 <p>Wearing mask and hand hygiene were the main choices in an effort to reduce the transmission of Covid-19 when doing outdoor activity. Various efforts have been made by the government in disseminating this recommendation to all levels of society including college students. College students as a layer with a high level of education were expected to obey the appeal given, including students of the University of 17 August 1945 Jakarta. This study aimed to determine the compliance college students at the University of 17 August 1945 of wearing mask and hand sanitizer during the Covid-19 pandemic. The method was used descriptive quantitative with a cross-sectional study design. Data collection used an online questionnaire containing closed questions. A total of 309 people participated in this survey and answered the use of masks and hand sanitizers. College students used masks and hand sanitizers during the Covid-19 pandemic. The compliance rate for the use of masks was 68.6% and hand sanitizer 78.3% during the Covid-19 pandemic. Men werw more obedient to using mask 73.6% and hand sanitizer 84.3% compared to women using mask 64.5% and hand sanitizer 73.4%.</p> Ekajayanti Kining, Dina Marsella Br. Ginting, Sogandi Sogandi ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://jurnal.poltekkes-kemenkes-bengkulu.ac.id/index.php/jmk/article/view/621 Wed, 30 Jun 2021 00:00:00 +0700 WAKTU BERJEMUR TERBAIK GUNA MENINGKATKAN VITAMIN D DALAM PENCEGAHAN CORONAVIRUS DISEASE 2019 (COVID-19) https://jurnal.poltekkes-kemenkes-bengkulu.ac.id/index.php/jmk/article/view/622 <p><strong>Background: </strong>The Coronavirus mostly attacks people with low immune systems and can results in death. Adequate vitamin D can increase immunity. Most of the Indonesian population is deficient in vitamin D. Exposure to sunlight can increase vitamin D however inappropriate and long hours causes many health problems. <strong>Aim Of This Paper</strong>: is to determine the best sunbathing time to increase vitamin D in the prevention of Coronavirus Disease 2019 (covid-19). <strong>Discussion: </strong>Optimal sun exposure in various areas, influenced by environmental and human factors. Most of the Indonesian population needs 1 minimal erythemal dose (MED) which can be obtained by sunbathing at 11:00 a.m. to 14:00 p.m. for 37.5 – 64.5 minutes a day but is more risky causing health problems than before 10:00 a.m. According to Perdoski, sunbathe started from 9 to 10 a.m. for 15 minutes a day or until the skin turns pink, 2-3 times a week with at least 22.5 % area of the body exposed is sufficient and safer. <strong>Conclusion</strong>: sunbathing from 9:00-10:00 a.m., maximum 15 minutes or skin starts pink, 2-3 times a week is sufficient to increase vitamin D and prevent Covid-19. Wearing a hat and sunscreen is still recommended.</p> Muliani Joewono ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://jurnal.poltekkes-kemenkes-bengkulu.ac.id/index.php/jmk/article/view/622 Wed, 30 Jun 2021 00:00:00 +0700 FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG MEMPENGARUHI KETERATURAN SIKLUS MENSTRUASI PADA REMAJA PUTRI DI SMA NEGERI 2 SINGARAJA https://jurnal.poltekkes-kemenkes-bengkulu.ac.id/index.php/jmk/article/view/630 <p>Gangguan mentruasi pada remaja seringkali berkaitan dengan gangguan kesehatan reproduksi. Hampir 75% remaja mengalami gangguan yang terkait dengan menstruasi seperti siklus menstruasi yang tidak teratur. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi keteraturan siklus menstruasi pada remaja putri diantaranya indeks masa tubuh (IMT) , kadar hemoglobin, aktivitas fisik, tingkat stress, dan usia menarche. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian analitik korelasional dengan pendekatan cross sectional. Sebanyak 65 orang remaja putri menjadi responden dalam penelitian ini, yang ditentukan dengan menggunakan teknik stratified simple random sampling. Alat pengumpulan data yang digunakan berupa kuesioner, timbangan berat badan, pengukur tinggi badan dan HB meter. Data dianalisis dengan menggunakan statistik deskriptif, dan korelasional dengan tingkat kepercayaan 95%. Berdasarkan hasil analisis data, didapatkan bahwa secara umum mayoritas responden memiliki IMT normal (50,8%), umur 18 tahun (60%), Hb rendah (52,3%), aktivitas fisik ringan (50,8%), tingkat stress sedang (44,6%), dan usia menarche di usia 13 tahun (36,9%). Hasil analisis korelasi menunjukkan bahwa hubungan antara indeks masa tubuh, kadar hemoglobin, aktivitas fisik, tingkat stress, dan usia menarche secara berturut-turut adalah (p=0,219;r--0,155, p=0,007;r=-0,330, p=0,047;r=-0,232, p=0,005;r=0,334, p=0,696;r=-0,044). Ada hubungan/pengaruh antara kadar Hb, aktivitas fisik dan tingkat stress terhadap keteraturan siklus menstruasi. Tidak ada hubungan antara IMT dan usia menarche dengan keteraturan siklus menstruasi pada remaja putri.</p> Luh Yenny Armayanti, Putu Ayu Ratna Damayanti, Putu Ayu Ratna Damayanti ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://jurnal.poltekkes-kemenkes-bengkulu.ac.id/index.php/jmk/article/view/630 Wed, 30 Jun 2021 00:00:00 +0700 AKTIVITAS ANTIBAKTERI EKSTRAK DAUN NANGKA KUNING (VINCETOXICUM VILLOSUM (BLUME) KUNTZE) TERHADAP BAKTERI ENTEROCOCCUS FAECALIS DAN PSEUDOMONAS AERUGINOSA https://jurnal.poltekkes-kemenkes-bengkulu.ac.id/index.php/jmk/article/view/631 <p>Nangka kuning leaves (Vincetoxicum villosum Blume) are widely used by the community as a traditional medicine but research on nangka kuning leaves is still very limited so that it has great potential for the development of herbal medicine. This study used two bacteria representing gram-positive and gram-negative groups. From the gram-positive group, one of the most common bacteria that can cause disease is the Enterococcus faecalis. Then from the gram-negative group used Pseudomonas aeruginosa which is the most common cause of opportunistic infections in hospitalized patients. To test the antibacterial activity of the ethanol extract, bacteria were divided into 8 groups, namely the positive control group with chloramphenicol, the negative control group with 10% Dimethyl Sulfoxide (DMSO) solvent, and 6 treatment groups using 12.5% ​​ethanol extract; 15%; 17.5%; 20%; 22.5%; 25%. Bacterial culture was carried out using media and incubated for 24 hours at 37oC. Enterococcus faecalis bacteria used Trypticase Soy Both (TSB) media and Pseudomonas Aeruginosa bacteria used Trypticase Soy Agar (TSA) media. The optimal inhibition for Enterococcus faecalis bacteria is in the ethanol extract of Vincetoxicum Villosum Blume with a concentration of 25% and for Pseudomonas aeruginosa is the ethanol extract of Vincetoxicum Villosum Blume with a concentration of 15%.</p> Oktoviani Oktoviani, R Pertiwi, D. Notriawan, B. A. N. Putri, Y. D. Karlina ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://jurnal.poltekkes-kemenkes-bengkulu.ac.id/index.php/jmk/article/view/631 Wed, 30 Jun 2021 00:00:00 +0700 PENGGUNAAN METODE PCR – RFLP (POLYMERASE CHAIN REACTION – RESTRICTION FRAGMENT LENGTH POLYMORFISM) DALAM MENDETEKSI JAMUR DERMATOFIT https://jurnal.poltekkes-kemenkes-bengkulu.ac.id/index.php/jmk/article/view/615 <p><strong>ABSTRAK</strong></p> <p>Dermatofitosis adalah salah satu jamur yang terdiri dari tiga genus : Epidermophyton, Trichophyton dan Microsporum. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengidentifikasi jenis jamur dermatofit dengan metode PCR-RFLP. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian observasional laboratorium dengan dengan menguji 23 sampel yang diperoleh dari beberapa klinik dan sekolah dasar di Makassar.</p> <p>Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa semua sampel teridentifikasi yakni <em>M. canis </em>26,1%<em>, Trichophyton rubrum </em>13,1%<em>,T. mentagrophytes </em>21,6%<em>, T. tonsurans </em>8,7%, <em>T. verrucosum </em>4,2% dan spesies <em>unclassified </em>26,1%. Kami menyarankan Teknik PCR-RFLP dapat digunakan untuk konfirmasi jenis jamur dermatofit.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Kata Kunci : </strong><em>Dermatofitosis, Jamur Dermatofit, PCR – RFLP</em></p> Awaluddin Awaluddin, Rizalinda Sjahrir, Farida Ilyas ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://jurnal.poltekkes-kemenkes-bengkulu.ac.id/index.php/jmk/article/view/615 Wed, 30 Jun 2021 00:00:00 +0700