JURNAL MEDIA KESEHATAN https://jurnal.poltekkes-kemenkes-bengkulu.ac.id/index.php/jmk <p>Contains writings that are taken from the results of research in the fields of Nursing, Midwifery, Nutrition, Health Analyst, Environmental Health, Health Promotion and Pharmacy</p> Politeknik Kesehatan Kemenkes Bengkulu en-US JURNAL MEDIA KESEHATAN 1979-5750 UJI DAYA HAMBAT EKSTRAK DAUN PANDAN WANGI (PANDANUS AMARYLLIFOLIUS ROXB) TERHADAP BAKTERI ESCHERICIA COLI https://jurnal.poltekkes-kemenkes-bengkulu.ac.id/index.php/jmk/article/view/703 <p>Fragrant pandanus leaf plant (Pandanus amaryllifolius Roxb) contains antibacterial compounds such as flavonoids, alcolloids, saponins, and tannins. One alternative to overcome Escherichia coli bacterial infection is the use of fragrant pandanus leaves (Pandanus amaryllifolius Roxb). This study aims to determine the effectiveness of fragrant pandan leaf extract (Pandanus amarllyfolius Roxb) against the growth of Escherichia coli bacteria. This type of research is experimental using the disc diffusion method. Fragrant pandanus leaves are extracted by maceration method using ethanol 96% as a solvent. The results of the study found that the average diameter of the bland zone at a concentration of 25% is 6 mm, at a concentration of 50% is 11.7 mm, the concentration of 75% is 12.3 mm, at positive control (<em>Chloramphenicol</em>) is 25 mm, and negative control (ethanol 96%) is 6 mm. The conclusion of the study is the pandan leaves extract can inhibit the growth of bacteria Escherichia coli.</p> Siti Juariah Melpasandy Melpasandy Eli Yusrita ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2022-12-28 2022-12-28 15 2 1 8 10.33088/jmk.v15i2.703 PENGARUH PEMBERIAN KOMPRES AIR HANGAT TERHADAP PENURUNAN SKALA NYERI PADA PERSALINAN KALA I FASE AKTIF https://jurnal.poltekkes-kemenkes-bengkulu.ac.id/index.php/jmk/article/view/756 <p><strong>Latar Belakang: </strong><em>Menurut World Health Organization </em>(WHO) memprediksikan &nbsp;setiap tahun terjadi 210 juta kehamilan di seluruh dunia. Dari rincian jumlah ini, ada 20 juta perempuan mengalami kesakitan sebagai pada saat hamil. Sedangkan ada&nbsp; sekitar 8 juta ibu menggalami&nbsp; komplikasi pada kehamilan yang mengancam jiwa, dan ada sekitar lebih dari 500.000 ibu meninggal. Dan sebanyak 240.000 dari jumlah ini hampir 50% terjadi di negara- negara Asia, termasuk Indonesia. Berbagai upaya dilakukan untuk mengatasi nyeri persalinan. Nyeri persalinan kala I primigravida terjadi akibat perubahan serviks (penipisan dan dilatasi), iskemia uterus serta penurunan bagian terendah janin.<strong>Tujuan</strong>: Penelitian ini untuk mengetahui pengaruh pemberian kompres air hangat terhadap penurunan skala nyeri pada per</p> <p><strong>Latar Belakang: </strong><em>Menurut World Health Organization </em>(WHO) memprediksikan &nbsp;setiap tahun terjadi 210 juta kehamilan di seluruh dunia. Dari rincian jumlah ini, ada 20 juta perempuan mengalami kesakitan sebagai pada saat hamil. Sedangkan ada&nbsp; sekitar 8 juta ibu menggalami&nbsp; komplikasi pada kehamilan yang mengancam jiwa, dan ada sekitar lebih dari 500.000 ibu meninggal. Dan sebanyak 240.000 dari jumlah ini hampir 50% terjadi di negara- negara Asia, termasuk Indonesia. Berbagai upaya dilakukan untuk mengatasi nyeri persalinan. Nyeri persalinan kala I primigravida terjadi akibat perubahan serviks (penipisan dan dilatasi), iskemia uterus serta penurunan bagian terendah janin.<strong>Tujuan</strong>: Penelitian ini untuk mengetahui pengaruh pemberian kompres air hangat terhadap penurunan skala nyeri pada persalinan kala I fase aktif . <strong>Metode</strong>: penelitian ini adalah penelitian kuantitatif dalam bentuk <em>Quasi experimen </em>dengan desain <em>one-group pretest-posttest design. </em>Populasi penelitian ini sebanyak 30 orang dan sampel penelitian menggunakan teknik <em>purposive sampling </em>sebanyak 12 orang. Pengumpulan data menggunakan lembar observasi yang dianalisa dengan menggunakan <em>paired t-test</em>. <strong>Hasil penelitian</strong> menunjukkan bahwa rata-rata skor nyeri persalinan sebelum pemberian kompres air hangat yaitu sebesar 7,33, sedangkan rata-rata skor nyeri persalinan sesudah diberikan kompres hangat yaitu sebesar 3,92.&nbsp; <strong>Kesimpulannya</strong> adalah ada pengaruh pemberian kompres air hangat terhadap penurunan skala nyeri pada persalinan kala I fase aktif.</p> <p><strong>Kata Kunci&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; : Kompres Hangat,&nbsp; Nyeri Persalinan, Persalinan kala I</strong></p> <p>salinan kala I fase aktif . <strong>Metode</strong>: penelitian ini adalah penelitian kuantitatif dalam bentuk <em>Quasi experimen </em>dengan desain <em>one-group pretest-posttest design. </em>Populasi penelitian ini sebanyak 30 orang dan sampel penelitian menggunakan teknik <em>purposive sampling </em>sebanyak 12 orang. Pengumpulan data menggunakan lembar observasi yang dianalisa dengan menggunakan <em>paired t-test</em>. <strong>Hasil penelitian</strong> menunjukkan bahwa rata-rata skor nyeri persalinan sebelum pemberian kompres air hangat yaitu sebesar 7,33, sedangkan rata-rata skor nyeri persalinan sesudah diberikan kompres hangat yaitu sebesar 3,92.&nbsp; <strong>Kesimpulannya</strong> adalah ada pengaruh pemberian kompres air hangat terhadap penurunan skala nyeri pada persalinan kala I fase aktif.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Friska Margareth Parapat Eva Hotmaria Simanjuntak Suci Nanda Resti Tarigan ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2022-12-28 2022-12-28 15 2 9 18 10.33088/jmk.v15i2.756 STRATEGI RUMAH SAKIT DALAM MENGELOLA PERSEDIAAN FARMASI SELAMA PANDEMI COVID-19 https://jurnal.poltekkes-kemenkes-bengkulu.ac.id/index.php/jmk/article/view/772 <p><strong>Background: </strong>COVID-19 infection, which was declared a pandemic by WHO have a major impact on pharmaceutical sector. Drug shortage is one of the impacts that can affect the patient’s health and also hospital’s finances through prolonged patient care costs. The aim of this study is to assess hospital strategies to maintain pharmaceutical supply during the COVID-19 pandemic.</p> <p><strong>Methods: </strong>This research is a literature review using the PRISMA method. A literature search was performed in Scopus, Science Direct, and Springer Link using keyword pharmaceutical supply COVID-19. Studies that published between 2020 – 2021, is in English, and discussed drug supply in hospital during the COVID-19 pandemic were included. Studies were excluded if it didn’t discuss drug supply in hospital during the COVID-19 pandemic and not available in full text.</p> <p><strong>Results: </strong>A total of 3,242 articles were identified, of which 13 articles fully met the eligibility criteria and were the analyzed. Most of the studies (n=10) discussed the implementation of drug logistics during the pandemic, such as efficient drug planning, centralized drug storage, drug distribution with a unit-dose dispensing system, monitoring and reporting of drugs used every day through an appropriate database. The other three articles discuss the formation of a collaborative coordination team between medical personnel and the division of working hours on site and off site to help maintain drug supplies.</p> <p><strong>Conclusions: </strong>Efficient drug planning and an integrated information system in reporting drug availability can maintain drug supply during the COVID-19 pandemic. Collaborative HR management has an important role in supporting drug supply control through division of labor with limited staff and working time.</p> Inaz Kemala Dewi Helen Andriani ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2022-12-28 2022-12-28 15 2 19 31 10.33088/jmk.v15i2.772 FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG MEMPENGARUHI KEJADIAN KEHAMILAN YANG TIDAK DIINGINKAN (KTD) PADA REMAJA DI KABUPATEN MAJALENGKA JAWA BARAT https://jurnal.poltekkes-kemenkes-bengkulu.ac.id/index.php/jmk/article/view/806 <h1>Problems: In Majalengka Regency, cases of unwanted pregnancy in adolescents are increasing, &nbsp;from the Majalengka Health Office, it was found that the cases of unwanted pregnancy in 2018 were 251 cases and in 2019 there were 263 cases. cases, the majority of these cases occurred in the age range 15-18 years. Of the 31 Districts in Majalengka Regency, there are 5 districts that have the highest incidence of unwanted pregnancy, namely in Sumberjaya District, Salagedang District, Sindangwangi District, Majalengka District, and Panyingkiran District. The aim of the research : to determine the factors that influence the incidence of unwanted pregnancies in adolescents in Majalengka Regency. Research Method: a quantitative study, with a case control approach. The population is all pregnancies during adolescence in Majalengka Regency, amounting to 195 people. Sampling in the case group used a total sampling technique with a total sample of 25 cases and control with a proportional random sampling technique with a total of 25. The analysis technique used chi Square and simple logistic regression. The Results: Relationship between premarital sexual behavior and unwanted pregnancy in adolescents (p value = 0.00), the relationship between knowledge of unwanted pregnancy in adolescents (p value = 0.259 and OR = 0.3430), the relationship between access to information media and unwanted pregnancy in adolescents (p value = 0.793 and OR = 0.750), the relationship between parenting style and unwanted pregnancy in adolescents (p value = 0.00 and OR 31.5. Conclusion: There is a relationship between premarital sexual behavior, parenting style, and peer influence with the incidence of unwanted pregnancy in adolescents. There is no relationship between adolescent knowledge and access to information media with the incidence of unwanted pregnancy among adolescents.</h1> <h1>&nbsp;</h1> lisnawati lisnawati Raika Padmawati ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2022-12-28 2022-12-28 15 2 32 42 10.33088/jmk.v15i2.806 PENGARUH PEMBERIAN PUDING NANAS REBUSAN DAUN SIRSAK TERHADAP PENURUNAN KADAR ASAM URAT PADA PASIEN HIPERURISEMIA DI PUSKESMAS SOSIAL https://jurnal.poltekkes-kemenkes-bengkulu.ac.id/index.php/jmk/article/view/812 <p><strong><em>Problems : </em></strong><em>Hyperuricemia caused because of an increasing uric acid in the blood which exceeds the normal limit, which is more than 7.0 mg/dl in men and 6.0 mg/dl in women. The prevalence of hyperuricemia in Indonesia is 7.3%, in South Sumatra it is 6.48%. One of the non-pharmacological treatments that can be given to patients with hyperuricemia is giving pineapple and soursop leaves pudding. <strong>The Aim Of The Research: </strong>The goal of this study is to see if giving pineapple and soursop leaves to hyperuricemic patients lowers their uric acid level. <strong>Research Method : </strong>this study uses a quasi – experimental design pretest and posttest with a control group. This study took place in Palembang’s Sosial Public Health Center from January to April 2022. In this study, the sample was chosen via random sampling selection, with a total of 39 respondents in the comparison and treatment group. The independent sample t-test and paired sample t-test were used to analyze the data. <strong>The Result : </strong>with average difference p - value of uric acid levels between the comparison group and the treatment group (p- value = 0.000). The independent sample t-test resulted in a p-value = 0.000. <strong>Conclusion : </strong>This means that giving pineapple and soursop leaves pudding has an effect on lowering levels of uric acid in hyperuricemic patients, with the average difference in uric acid level of the comparison group being lower than the treatment group. </em></p> Jihan Sekar Ayu Hana Yuniarti Sriwiyanti Sriwiyanti Eliza Eliza Terati Terati ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2022-12-28 2022-12-28 15 2 43 54 10.33088/jmk.v15i2.812 STABILITAS SERUM LYOPHILIZED HOMEMADE REKONSTITUSI TERHADAP KADAR KREATININ DAN BLOOD UREA NITROGEN (BUN) YANG DISIMPAN DALAM FREEZER https://jurnal.poltekkes-kemenkes-bengkulu.ac.id/index.php/jmk/article/view/837 <p>Quality control is an activity that can improve the quality of the laboratory which is carried out byconducting an examination using a control serum. Homemade lyophilized serum is an alternative control serumthat is relatively inexpensive and easy to obtain than commercial control serum. This study aimed to determinethe stability of reconstituted homemade lyophilized control serum stored for 8 weeks at a temperature of (-2)ºCto(-4)ºCand(-20)ºConcreatinineandBUNlevels. This research was conducted at the Clinical Laboratory of Poltekkes Kemenkes Surabaya in March-May 2022 with the type of experimental research and a one group pretest-posttest design. The reconstitutedhomemade lyophilized serum was stored at (-2)ºC to (-4)ºC and (-20)ºC, the serum was checked once a week for8weeks. The results of homemade lyophilized serum creatinine and BUN levels after reconstitution stored at (-2)ºC to (-4)ºC and (-20)ºC were not out of the control limit ±2SD so they could be declared stable with a CVcreatinine value 4-6% and BUN 7-8%. Based on the regression test analysis, it is known that storage time has aneffect of 51.3% on serumcreatinine levels stored at (-2)ºC to (-4)ºC and has an effect of 79.3% on serumcreatinine levels stored at (-20)ºC. Storage time has an effect of 76% on serum BUN levels stored at (-2)ºC to (-4)ºCand75.1%effectonserumcreatininelevels storedat(-20)ºC.</p> Anggie Banowati Wibiseno Anik Handayati Syamsul Arifin ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2022-12-28 2022-12-28 15 2 55 65 10.33088/jmk.v15i2.837 PERSEPSI MASYARAKAT MELALUI PENDEKATAN THEORY OF PLANNED BEHAVIOR (TPB) DENGAN NIAT PENGOBATAN SAKIT GIGI DI KELURAHAN PEMURUS BARU https://jurnal.poltekkes-kemenkes-bengkulu.ac.id/index.php/jmk/article/view/843 <p><strong>Problems:</strong> Perceptions about treatment lead to varied use of drugs including the use of toothache drugs, the experience of information received by the community affects perceptions about treatment so that the role of individuals in making decisions about toothache treatment varies, so it is necessary to see how people's perceptions with the intention of taking treatment are. toothache using a Theory of Planned Behavior approach. <strong>The Aim Of The Research:</strong> To analyze the relationship of public perception through the Theory of Planned Behavior approach with the intention to treat toothache. <strong>Research Methods:</strong> The type of research used is analytic observational with cross sectional. Sampling was done by using a porpusive sampling technique. The research sample amounted to 113 respondents. Data were obtained by questionnaires distributed to the public and analyzed by the Spearman'rho statistical test. <strong>The results:</strong> showed that 51% of respondents had moderate intentions, 52.2% of respondents had moderate attitudes, 50.4% of respondents had high subjective norms and 51.3% of respondents had moderate behavioral control. Attitude variables had a significant relationship with treatment intentions. toothache (p value = 0.000), subjective norm has a relationship with the intention to treat toothache (p value = 0.000) and behavioral control has a relationship with the intention to treat toothache (p value = 0.000). <strong>Conclusions:</strong> Public perception through the Theory of Planned Behavior approach has a relationship with the intention to treat toothache.</p> Rinda Fitrianor Melviani Melviani Sismeri Dona ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2022-12-28 2022-12-28 15 2 66 76 10.33088/jmk.v15i2.843 HUBUNGAN EFIKASI DIRI DENGAN KEPATUHAN MELAKUKAN LATIHAN FISIK PADA PASIEN DIABETES MELLITUS TIPE 2 DI RUMAH SAKIT UMUM DAERAH ARGAMAKMUR KABUPATEN BENGKULU UTARA https://jurnal.poltekkes-kemenkes-bengkulu.ac.id/index.php/jmk/article/view/849 <p><strong>Problem</strong> : Physical exercise program in patients with diabetes mellitus has a beneficial effect on glycemic control compared to other types of physical exercise. The formulation of the problem in this study is an increase in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus and those who have uncontrolled blood sugar levels who do not comply with physical exercise at Argamakmur General Hospital. <strong>The AimOf The Research</strong>: The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between self-efficacy and adherence to physical exercise in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus at the Argamakmur Regional General Hospital, North Bengkulu Regency. <strong>Research Method:</strong> uses descriptive correlation using a cross sectional approach. The research sample was 50 people with random sampling technique. The study was conducted on 30 May – 20 June 2022 at the Argamakmur Regional General Hospital, North Bengkulu Regency. Data analysis is univariate and bivariate analysis with chi-square statistical test. <strong>The results</strong>: showed that almost half of the respondents (34.0%) had poor self-efficacy and almost half of the respondents (34.0%) were not obedient in doing physical exercise at the Argamakmur General Hospital, North Bengkulu Regency with a p value of 0.019. The conclusion is that there is a relationship between self-efficacy and adherence to physical exercise in patients with Type 2 diabetes mellitus at the Argamakmur General Hospital, North Bengkulu Regency. <strong>Conclusion:</strong> Suggestions are expected to provide more education about the benefits of routine physical exercise for people with diabetes mellitus.</p> <p><strong>Keywords:</strong><em> Diabetes Mellitus, Self-Efficacy, Physical Exercise</em></p> Hastuti Widiarti Veby Fransisca Rozi Devi Cynthia Dewi ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2022-12-28 2022-12-28 15 2 77 91 10.33088/jmk.v15i2.849 PERSPEKTIF KELUARGA TERHADAP IBU MENYUSUSI DALAM PRAKTIK PEMBERIAN ASI EKSLUSIF DI INDONESIA: SCOPING REVIEW https://jurnal.poltekkes-kemenkes-bengkulu.ac.id/index.php/jmk/article/view/850 <p><strong>ABSTRACT</strong></p> <p><strong>Background</strong>: The policy on exclusive breastfeeding is stipulated by the Government of Indonesia in the Law of the Republic of Indonesia number 36 of 2009 concerning Health, article 128 paragraph 1. One of the main problems to date that has caused the low success of breastfeeding in Indonesia is the factor of family support related to breastfeeding. with socio-cultural. The behavior of exclusive breastfeeding is inseparable from the family's view of the culture that has been passed down from generation to generation in the culture concerned. Thus due to the lack of support from the family due to the perspective of the family that still underestimates exclusive breastfeeding, causing the failure of exclusive breastfeeding to still be high.</p> <p><strong>Methods</strong>: Literature review by searching using electronic media and the internet through a database using keywords.</p> <p><strong>Result:</strong> Family support is influenced by the perspective or view and knowledge of the family on exclusive breastfeeding.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong> This study concludes that the family's view of exclusive breastfeeding for infants is very important. Because a good family view will give birth to good support for mothers in breastfeeding their babies exclusively. Therefore, health workers are expected to be able to involve families in providing IEC regarding exclusive breastfeeding so that families also have a good view of exclusive breastfeeding, and mothers will get good family support in practice of exclusive breastfeeding.</p> <p><strong>Keywords:</strong> <em>Exclusive Breastfeeding, Family support, Perspective</em></p> Nelly Nur Laili Machfudloh Machfudloh Meilia Rahmawati ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2022-12-28 2022-12-28 15 2 92 104 10.33088/jmk.v15i2.850 GAMBARAN DETEKSI DINI DEPRESI PADA LANJUT USIA DENGAN PENYAKIT TIDAK MENULAR KRONIS DI KOTA SEMARANG https://jurnal.poltekkes-kemenkes-bengkulu.ac.id/index.php/jmk/article/view/851 <p>Chronic non-communicable diseases are diseases that often attack the elderly which can cause psychological problems, one of which is depression. This study aims to describe the early detection of depression in the elderly with chronic non-communicable diseases. This research method uses descriptive study analysis techniques. The number of samples in this study were 272 respondents with the sampling technique using cluster sampling and then using random sampling, so that 1 cluster was selected, namely the Kedungmundu Health Center. This research was conducted for 21 days starting from April 09 to April 30. The measuring instrument used is the CESD-R (Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale) questionnaire. Analysis of the data used is univariate analysis with a frequency distribution table. The results of this study found that most of the respondents indicated depression as many as 187 respondents or 68.8%, while those who did not indicated depression were 85 respondents or 31.3%. Based on the results of this study, it is necessary to make efforts to develop health services at the Puskesmas in improving mental service units (Poli Jiwa), to make efforts to prevent mental disorders, especially detection of depression in the elderly with chronic non-communicable diseases by screening at least every 6 months</p> Kartini Suhas Ni Made Ayu Wulan Sari Asti Nuraeni ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2022-12-28 2022-12-28 15 2 105 113 10.33088/jmk.v15i2.851 INTERVENSI UNTUK MENINGKATKAN EFIKASI DIRI MENYUSUI : LITERATUR REVIEW https://jurnal.poltekkes-kemenkes-bengkulu.ac.id/index.php/jmk/article/view/852 <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Background:</strong> Self efficacy is belief in one's ability to achieve goals or perform tasks and can affect personal motivation and ability to succeed in breastfeeding. The self efficacy beliefs of postpartum women facilitate or hinder the condition of facing difficulties that arise with breastfeeding practices on the 120<sup>th</sup> and 180<sup>th</sup> postnatal days. The Short Form Breastfeeding Efficacy Scale (BSES-SF) was used to assess the self efficacy of early breastfeeding in postpartum women. <strong>Methods:</strong> The author uses the Systematic Literature Review (SLR) method from the PubMed database reference with the keywords Breastfeeding Self Eficacy (BSE) from 2014 - 2021. <strong>Result:</strong> From 14 articles taken as reference sources, there are 10 interventions that can be applied to increase the level of self efficacy in breastfeeding mothers. <strong>Conclusion:</strong> Based on the results of the literature review, there were 9 interventions that matched the inclusion criteria which were known to be used as an effort to reduce depression symptoms in postpartum mothers, namely skin to skin contact, web based monitoring, counseling, interpersonal counseling about exclusive breastfeeding, breastfeeding motivation programs, telephone, flipchart, computer based breastfeeding education, smartphone based breastfeeding education, Kangoroo mother care.</p> <p><strong>Keywords: </strong><em>Exclusive breastfeeding, Breastfeeding Self Efficacy, Self efficacy, Short Form Breastfeeding Efficacy Scale.</em></p> <p><strong>&nbsp;</strong></p> Hanifatur Rosyidah Noveri Aisyaroh Ratih Fajar Wati ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2022-12-28 2022-12-28 15 2 114 132 10.33088/jmk.v15i2.852 EFEKTIVITAS PENGGUNAAN MULTIPLE MICRONUTRIENTS (MMN) TERHADAP JUMLAH PERSALINAN NORMAL DAN SESAR https://jurnal.poltekkes-kemenkes-bengkulu.ac.id/index.php/jmk/article/view/856 <p>Health&nbsp;problems during pregnancy drop&nbsp;the number of normal deliveries in pregnant women. The World Health Organization recommends&nbsp;pregnant women consume folic acid, iron, and multiple micronutrients. This study aims to determine the effectiveness of using Multiple Micronutrients (MMN) on delivery forms. This research was conducted at Semen Padang Hospital, Padang. This study is a descriptive study with data collection carried out retrospectively. The sample in this study was data from pregnant women who did prenatal care and gave birth at Semen Padang Hospital in January-December 2021. The number of samples in this study was 201 pregnant women, divided into 73 pregnant women with normal deliveries and 128 patients with normal deliveries by cesarean section. In this study, the value of p = 0.767 (p&gt;0.05) with the interpretation of the effectiveness of the use of IFA was not different from the effectiveness of MMN in the number of normal deliveries</p> Najmiatul Fitria Sarah Puti Amalia Nauratul Ikramah Hansen Nasif ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2022-12-27 2022-12-27 15 2 133 139 10.33088/jmk.v15i2.856 PERBEDAAN HASIL KADAR FORMALIN PADA SAMPEL TAHU YANG DIRENDAM AIR HANGAT DAN AIR GARAM MENGGUNAKAN METODE SPEKTROFOTOMETRI UV-VIS https://jurnal.poltekkes-kemenkes-bengkulu.ac.id/index.php/jmk/article/view/857 <p><strong>Problems: </strong>Formalin Examination is use to determine of presence or absence of harmful substances or preservatives in samples tested or examined on food, especially tofu. <strong>The Aim Of The Research:</strong> To determine the difference in the results of formaldehyde levels in tofu samples soaked in warm water and salt water using UV-Vis Spectrophotometry method. <strong>Research Method: </strong>The type of research used was a pure experiment, which was conducted at the Laboratory of Chemistry and Microbiology of Agricultural Products, Department of Agricultural Technology, Faculty of Agriculture, Unsri Palembang. The sample used was tofu and the number of careful samples was 18 tofu samples using the total sampling technique. <strong>The Result: </strong>Based on the results of examining the formalin content in tofu samples soaked in warm water for 15 minutes using the UV-Vis Spectrophotometry method with the A &amp; E Visible Spectrophotometer yielded an average of 0.56 mg/L while the results of examining formalin levels in tofu samples soaked in salt water produces an average of 0.74 mg/L. Data analysis using the Independent Sample T-Test test obtained a significant value for the warm water treatment p = 0.395 and a significant value for the salt water treatment p = 0.397. <strong>Conclutions: </strong>There are differences in the results of formalin levels in tofu samples soaked in warm water and salt water using UV-Vis Spectrophotometry method.</p> Indah Sari Robiyatul Adawiyah Nurhidayanti Nurhidayanti ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2022-12-27 2022-12-27 15 2 140 153 10.33088/jmk.v15i2.857 EVALUASI PARAMETER HEMATOLOGI PADA PASIEN TUBERKULOSIS PARU DI KOTA BANDAR LAMPUNG https://jurnal.poltekkes-kemenkes-bengkulu.ac.id/index.php/jmk/article/view/864 <p><em>Correct early diagnosis is crucial to control pulmonary tuberculosis infection (TB). This study aims to evaluate hematological parameters in tuberculosis patients to obtain parameters that can support the initial diagnosis of tuberculosis. A total of 36 patients diagnosed with TB based on rapid molecular tests and sputum smears compared the results of their hematological examination with 28 healthy volunteers according to age and sex. The routine blood tests examined were Hb, Ht, erythrocyte index, erythrocytes, leukocytes, and platelets count. TB patients had significantly lower Hb, Ht, MCV, and MCH mean levels compared to the healthy volunteer group (p&lt;0.05). TB patients also had a significantly higher mean leukocyte and platelets count than the healthy volunteer (p&lt;0.001). Conclusion:&nbsp;Hb, Ht, MCV, MCH, and leukocytosis decrease can be used as supporting diagnostic for the initial diagnosis of TB.</em></p> Filia Yuniza Sri Nuraini Bayu Putra Danan Jaya ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2022-12-28 2022-12-28 15 2 154 163 10.33088/jmk.v15i2.864 PENGARUH FAKTOR IKLIM DAN KEPADATAN PENDUDUK TERHADAP KEJADIAN DEMAM BERDARAH DENGUE DI KOTA ADMINISTRASI JAKARTA TAHUN 2018-2020 https://jurnal.poltekkes-kemenkes-bengkulu.ac.id/index.php/jmk/article/view/774 <p>Problems: Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever (DHF) is a disease that is transmitted through the bite of the Aedes sp. and it is still a public health problem in Indonesia. The survival of the dengue mosquito and the spread of the disease can be affected by climate factors such as rainfall, humidity, and air temperature. Population density is also a risk factor for the spread of dengue fever. The Aim of The Research: The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between climate factors and population density on the incidence of dengue fever in the Jakarta Administrative City in 2018-2020. Reseacrh Method: This study uses an ecological study design by conducting statistical correlation tests on climate factor data with dengue cases in the Jakarta Administration City in 2018-2020. Spatial analysis was conducted to see the relationship between population density and the incidence of DHF in the same location. The Result: The results of this study did not find a significant relationship between rainfall and air temperature with the incidence of DHF in the Jakarta Administration City in 2018-2020. Air humidity and the incidence of dengue fever showed a significant relationship in Central Jakarta, West Jakarta, and North Jakarta, p-values ​​were p=0.017, p=0.043, and p=0.034. Population density produces dengue-prone areas in the city of Jakarta and has a significant influence. Conclusion: It is necessary to understand about the risk of DHF especially in areas with dense population density and increase our knowledge how to prevent this desease</p> Rafi Aflah Fadlirahman Firda Alfianti Alfitra Firizkia Luthfiana Dewi Balqis Nila Estasya Nur Indah Iriana Diva Muthia Rahma Silvia Khansa Putri Rizki Amelia ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2022-12-28 2022-12-28 15 2 164 180 10.33088/jmk.v15i2.774 PENGARUH PENGGUNAAN APLIKASI DETEKSI ANEMIA BERBASIS ANDROID (SI-MIA) TERHADAP PERILAKU DETEKSI ANEMIA PADA IBU HAMIL DI KOTA BENGKULU https://jurnal.poltekkes-kemenkes-bengkulu.ac.id/index.php/jmk/article/view/863 <p><strong>Background</strong> : Basic Health Research Data (Riskesdas) in 2018, anemia that occurs in pregnant women in Indonesia is (48.9%), based on these data the incidence of anemia in pregnant women in Indonesia is still increasing and is high. Bengkulu City has 20 health centers, based on data from the Bengkulu City Health Office, the prevalence of anemia in pregnant women in 2018 was 3 health centers with the highest rates, namely Sawah Lebar Puskesmas (39.6%), Puskesmas Padang Serai (35.8%), Puskesmas Kuala Lempuing (25%). The purpose of this study was to determine the Android-Based Anemia Detection Application (Si-Mia) on anemia detection behavior in pregnant women in Bengkulu City. <strong>Method</strong> : This study used a quasi-experimental design with a control group. Collecting data used a questionnaire. The sample was 60 pregnant women who met the inclusion criteria consisting of 30 people as the intervention group and 30 as the comparison group. Data analysis used univariate, bivariate Wilcoxon and Mann Whitney tests, and multivariate using Mancova. <strong>Result </strong>: The results of the study of the knowledge variable there were differences in the mean rank before 0.00 and after 15.00, the value of p = 0.000. Attitude variables mean rank before 0.00 and after 15.50 p value = 0.000. Practice variables mean rank before 0.00 and after 15.00, p value = 0.000. There is a significant effect of the independent variable of the Android-Based Anemia Detection Application (Si-Mia) intervention on knowledge, attitudes and practices with a p value (0.000) while the covariate variable does not affect it with a p value greater than α = 0.05. <strong>Conclusion</strong> : Continuous assistance is needed to motivate pregnant women in early detection of complications during pregnancy and childbirth.</p> Lusi Andriani Ratna Dewi Silpia Novrianti ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2022-12-28 2022-12-28 15 2 181 191 10.33088/jmk.v15i2.863