https://jurnal.poltekkes-kemenkes-bengkulu.ac.id/index.php/jmk/issue/feed JURNAL MEDIA KESEHATAN 2024-01-15T16:12:49+07:00 Lusi Andriani, SST.M.Kes jurnal@poltekkes-kemenkes-bengkulu.ac.id Open Journal Systems <p>Contains writings that are taken from the results of research in the fields of Nursing, Midwifery, Nutrition, Health Analyst, Environmental Health, Health Promotion and Pharmacy</p> https://jurnal.poltekkes-kemenkes-bengkulu.ac.id/index.php/jmk/article/view/943 Hubungan Usia Ibu, Usia Kehamilan dan Preeklampsia Dengan Kejadian Bayi Berat Lahir Rendah di RSUD Arga Makmur 2023-12-31T23:54:20+07:00 Lela Hartini lela_hartini@yahoo.com Hetty Yusvita hetynainggolan@gmail.com <p>Babies with LBW are risk factors that contribute to infant mortality. Bengkulu Provincial Health Office recorded that 36,917 babies were born alive in Bengkulu province in 2020, weighed as many as 34,151 babies with LBW as many as 860 babies (3%). North Bengkulu Regency is the district with the largest infant mortality rate (20.28%) and the largest LBW incidence rate is 5%. This study aims to determine the relationship between maternal age, gestational age and preeclampsia with the incidence of low birth weight babies in Arga Makmur Hospital.</p> <p>The research design used is an analytic survey with a case control design. The population total number of babies born in 2021 at the Arga Makmur Hospital, amounting to 1,573 people. The sample in this study was 546 respondents, who were taken using the Sugiyono formula. Data were analyzed using univariate analysis, chi-square test and multiple logistic regression.</p> <p>The results relationship between maternal age and the incidence of LBW (ρ=0.000). There is a relationship between gestational age and the incidence of LBW (ρ = 0.000). There is a relationship between preeclampsia and the incidence of LBW (ρ=0.000). The most dominant factor related to the incidence of LBW is gestational age (ρ = 0.000 and OR = 56.521) this means that pregnant women with gestational age &lt;37 weeks have an opportunity to experience LBW 56.521 times greater than pregnant women with gestational age 37-42 weeks.</p> <p>Suggestions for Arga Makmur Hospital to be able to cooperate with the health office or other cross-sectors in order to provide counseling and knowledge to health workers at the puskesmas level so that they can take preventive actions before the occurrence of LBW. Health workers need to improve integrated antenatal care and screening during pregnancy so that it will reduce the risk when the baby is born.</p> 2023-12-31T00:00:00+07:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://jurnal.poltekkes-kemenkes-bengkulu.ac.id/index.php/jmk/article/view/998 HUBUNGAN PENGETAHUAN DAN MOTIVASI IBU TERHADAP PERKEMBANGAN ANAK PRA SEKOLAH DI PUSKESMAS PADANG SERAI KOTA BENGKULU 2023-12-31T23:55:42+07:00 Sysca Syaputry syscasyaputry24@gmail.com Asmariyah Asmariyah asmariyah@unib.ac.id Linda Yusanti lyusanti@unib.ac.id Dara Himalaya dhimalaya@unib.ac.id Novianti Novianti novianti@unib.ac.id <p>Anak prasekolah mengacu pada usia 5-6 tahun. Jumlah anak pra-sekolah di Indonesia sekitar 21.990 ribu jiwa. Namun, dari jumlah tersebut, Indonesia tidak terlepas dari permasalahan kesehatan yaitu 56,34 % anak prasekolah mengalami keterlambatan perkembangan. Pengetahuan&nbsp; ibu&nbsp; baik&nbsp; dan&nbsp; cukup&nbsp; dapat&nbsp; mempengaruhi&nbsp; sikap&nbsp; dan perilaku&nbsp; ibu&nbsp; dalam&nbsp; memberikan&nbsp; stimulasi&nbsp; pada&nbsp; anaknya . Selain pengetahuan ibu, motivasi ibu merupakan hal yang sangat penting dalam memberikan perkembangan pada anaknya.</p> <p>Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mempelajari hubungan pengetahuan dan motivasi ibu terhadap perkembangan anak pra sekolah di Puskesmas Padang Serai Kota Bengkulu. Dalam penelitian ini menggunakan Metode penelitian yang adalah penelitian survey analitik yaitu dengan pendekatan Cross Sectional. Jumlah sampel 43 responen diambil dengan teknik accidental sampling, pengumpulan data menggunakan data primer, diolah dan dianalisis dengan menggunakan analisis univariat dan analisis bivariat menggunakan analisis chi-square.</p> <p>Hasil penelitian ini adalah dari 43 responden terdapat 2 anak usia pra sekolah dengan perkembangan penyimpangan, 12 ibu dengan pengetahuan kurang, 26 ibu mempunyai motivasi yang kurang baik terhadap perkembangan anak usia pra sekolah. Hasil analsis bivariat menunjukkan bawha ada hubungan pengetahuan dan motivasi ibu terhadap perkembangan anak usia pra sekolah di Puskesmas Padang Serai Kota Bengkulu.</p> <p>Simpulan dari penelitian ini adanya hubungan antara pengetahuan dan motivasi ibu terhadap perkembangan anak prasekolah di Puskesmas Padang Serai Kota Bengkulu. Bagi puskesmas diharapkan dapat meningkatkan pengetahuan masayarakat dengan meningkatkan peran petugas kesehatan terutama bidan dalam upaya kesehatan anak dalam memberikan penyuluhan kepada ibu balita terkait perkembangan pada anak, dengan cara memberikan penyuluhan yang kontinyu pada ibu yang mempunyai balita.</p> <p><strong>Kata kunci:<em>Pengetahuan, Motivasi, perkembangan anak prasekolah. </em></strong></p> 2023-12-31T23:18:01+07:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://jurnal.poltekkes-kemenkes-bengkulu.ac.id/index.php/jmk/article/view/1087 EFEKTIVITAS PENGGUNAAN ALAT NEBULIZER JET AEROSOL DAN ULTRASONIC TERHADAP PERUBAHAN SATURASI O2 PADA PASIEN ASMA DI IGD RSUD Dr.H. MOCH. ANSARI SALEH BANJARMASIN DAN RSUD RATU ZALECHA MARTAPURA 2023-12-31T23:55:58+07:00 Evi Risa Mariana mevirisa@gmail.con Ayu Fitriani ayfitriani27@gmail.com Agustine Ramie ayfitriani27@gmail.com <p>Pemberian terapi inhalasi dengan menggunakan nebulizer umumnya akan dilakukan pada pasien yang mengalami serangan asma. Terapi ini dapat membuat perubahan terhadap nilai saturasi oksigen. Di rumah sakit terutama IGD, pemberian terapi nebulizer umumnya dengan nebulizer jet-aerosol dan ultrasonik. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk melihat keefektifan penggunaan alat Nebulizer Jet-Aerosol dan Ultrasonik terhadap perubahan Saturasi O2 pada pasien Asma di IGD RSUD Dr. H. Moch. Ansari Saleh Banjarmasin dan IGD RSUD Ratu Zalecha Martapura.</p> <p>Penelitian ini menggunakan pendekatan <em>Quasy Experiment</em>. Pengambilan sampel menggunakan teknik <em>purposive sampling</em> sebanyak 20 responden pasien asma yang masuk di IGD RSUD Dr. H. Moch. Ansari Saleh Banjarmasin dan IGD RSUD Ratu Zalecha Martapura bulan April - Juni 2018. Instrumen berupa lembar observasi terstruktur dan pengukuran saturasi oksigen menggunakan <em>pulse oximetry</em>.</p> <p>Hasil penelitian menunjukkan adanya perubahan nilai saturasi oksigen. Uji <em>Paired Sample T-Test</em> pada data pasien terapi jet-aerosol menunjukkan nilai signifikansi <em>p= </em>0,003&nbsp; dengan selisih rata-rata -2,40. Nilai <em>p value &lt; 0,05</em> sehingga ada pengaruh penggunaan alat Nebulizer Jet-Aerosol terhadap perubahan saturasi oksigen pada pasien Asma di IGD RSUD Dr. H. Moch. Ansari Saleh Banjarmasin. Uji <em>Paired Sample T Test</em> pada data pasien ultrasonik menunjukkan nilai signifikansi <em>p</em>= 0,000 dengan selisih rata-rata -5,10. Nilai <em>p value &lt; 0,05</em> sehingga ada pengaruh penggunaan alat Nebulizer Ultrasonik terhadap perubahan saturasi oksigen pada pasien Asma di IGD RSUD Ratu Zalecha Martapura.</p> <p>Peningkatan saturasi oksigen dapat menjadi salah satu indikator untuk melihat keefektifan terapi nebulizer, apabila dilihat peningkatan saturasinya nebulizer ultrasonik lebih efektif untuk digunakan.</p> 2023-12-31T23:42:51+07:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://jurnal.poltekkes-kemenkes-bengkulu.ac.id/index.php/jmk/article/view/1058 FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG MEMPENGARUHI KEIKUTSERTAAN IBU DALAM PELAKSANAAN KELAS IBU HAMIL 2024-01-03T09:00:45+07:00 Lusi Andriani lusi@poltekkesbengkulu.ac.id Karina Dwi Ratna lusi@poltekkesbengkulu.ac.id Mariati Mariati lusi@poltekkesbengkulu.ac.id <p><em>Data from the World Health Organization (WHO) for 2020 pregnant women class activities in each health center. The aim of the research is to know the factors that influence the participation of mothers in the implementation of classes for pregnant women in the working area of ​​the Kandang Health Center in Bengkulu City. This type of research is an analytic descriptive research with a cross-sectional research design approach. The population in this study were all pregnant women with gestational age ≥ 37 weeks in the Working Area of ​​the Kandang Health Center from January 2023 to February 5 2023 as many as 43 pregnant women, using a total sampling technique. The result of adequate knowledge is </em><em>62,8</em><em>%, husband's support is 55.8%, multipara/grande parity is 60.5%, 53.5% is with low economy, pregnant women class participation is not active as much as 65.1%. The results of the bivariate analysis test obtained a p-value = ≤ α 0.05 which showed that there was a significant relationship between knowledge, husband's support, parity, and the economy. In multivariate analysis, the most dominant factor was parity in the mother.</em></p> <p><em>It is suggested to holders of the pregnant women class program to provide more interesting, innovative and adaptive material. Create a whatsapp group to provide info, remind you of the schedule. Provide social support husband or other family. </em></p> <p><em>&nbsp;</em></p> 2023-12-31T23:51:38+07:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://jurnal.poltekkes-kemenkes-bengkulu.ac.id/index.php/jmk/article/view/1102 ANALISIS PERLINDUNGAN HUKUM BAGI PERAWAT YANG MELAKUKAN TINDAKAN MEDIS DALAM KEADAAN DARURAT ATAS DASAR LIMPAHAN DOKTER 2024-01-02T09:38:25+07:00 Reny Suryanti unireny77@gmail.com Avrilya Iqoranny Susilo ms.unireny777@yahoo.com <p>In carrying out their duties, nurses often carry out medical procedures that are not within their competence, so they require legal protection, especially in emergency situations. Legal protection is the right of nurses in providing health services, regulated in Article 27 paragraph (1) of Law No. 36 of 2009. The problem of this research is how legal protection is for nurses' medical actions based on the doctor's authority and why is legal protection necessary for nurses who carry out actions, medical emergency. By using qualitative methods and a juridical-empirical approach and using the Post-Positivism paradigm. The research was conducted at the Bengkulu City Regional Hospital. The results of the research and discussion show that legal protection for nurses who carry out medical procedures in emergency situations on the basis of a doctor's appointment is legally protected for nurses who have a registration certificate, work permit, and work in accordance with competency, service standards, professional standards, and standard operational procedures. As well as defense and assistance as long as the nurse is registered as a PPNI member and accompanied by a lawyer. The need for legal protection for nurses who carry out medical procedures in emergency situations is due to the gap between das sein and das sollen. What is legally protected is when carrying out medical procedures on behalf of a doctor, on humanitarian grounds the nurse must carry out medical procedures in an emergency even without a doctor's assistance, because in practice nurses are faced with the situation of having to carry out medical procedures with humanitarian considerations.</p> 2023-12-31T00:00:00+07:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://jurnal.poltekkes-kemenkes-bengkulu.ac.id/index.php/jmk/article/view/1104 PERANCANGAN MEDIA PROMOSI DALAM KEPATUHAN MENGKONSUMSI GERTELLA TERHADAP PENURUNAN TEKANAN DARAH PADA PRA LANSIA DI KOTA BENGKULU 2024-01-08T16:10:14+07:00 Linda Linda elindinda@gmail.com Winda Triana elindinda@gmail.com Desi Veti Anggraini elindinda@gmail.com <p>Non-communicable diseases (NCDs) are a major factor that can cause death in the world. The use of natural ingredients such as rosella plant (Hibicus Sabdarifa Fam), is one way that can be done to lower blood pressure. This rosella plant can have an effect on reducing serum creatinine, cholesterol, and glucose levels because it contains chemical compounds. The gertella application can make it easier to helping compliance compliance with consuming gertella. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of promotional media in compliance with consuming gertella as an effort to reduce blood pressure. The research uses quasi-experimental two group pretest and posttest design. Respondents consumed rosella tea 1-2 perfect petals (2 grams) per day for seven days. The samples consisted of 30 gertella applications groups and 30 whatsapp group. The results of the study in the gertella application group there was a difference in mean systolic blood pressure before and after the intervention with = 0.000 &lt;0.05. There was a difference in mean diastolic blood pressure before and after the intervention with = 0.003 &lt;0.05. In the whatsapp group there was a difference in mean systolic blood pressure before and after the intervention with = 0.019 &lt; 0.05. There was a difference in the mean diastolic blood pressure before and after the intervention with = 0.009. Conclusion there is an effect of gertella application on compliance in lowering blood pressure in the elderly.</p> 2023-12-31T00:00:00+07:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://jurnal.poltekkes-kemenkes-bengkulu.ac.id/index.php/jmk/article/view/1118 POLA KOMUNIKASI PADA ORANG TUA YANG MEMILIKI ANAK STUNTING 2024-01-15T16:12:49+07:00 Ade Febryanti febryantiade@gmail.com Rini Patroni ade_febryanti@poltekkesbengkulu.ac.id ABSTRACT Stunting is a national priority program of the Ministry of Health. One of the causes of stunting problems is the lack of communication within the family. Insufficient knowledge of parents about the health and development of children, coupled with busyness, leads to a significant lack of intensity and quality in communication. This deficiency in communication often results in health issues for children, such as stunting in those under two years old. The aim of this research is to understand the communication patterns of parents with stunted children. This study utilizes a qualitative method, with parents of stunted children as informants. The data analysis method employed is depth interviews. The results of the study reveal that the communication pattern applied by the families of Mrs. Nova and Widawati is an authoritarian communication pattern, Mrs. Meimunah and Nurul employ a permissive communication pattern, and Mrs. Dewi adopts a democratic communication pattern. Keywords: Communication, Family, Stunting 2024-01-15T16:12:47+07:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement##