Hubungan Usia Ibu, Usia Kehamilan dan Preeklampsia Dengan Kejadian Bayi Berat Lahir Rendah di RSUD Arga Makmur

  • Lela Hartini Poltekkes Kemenkes Bengkulu
  • Hetty Yusvita Jurusan Kebidanan, Poltekkes Kemenkes Bengkulu, Jl.Indragiri 3 Padang Harapan,38225

Abstract

Babies with LBW are risk factors that contribute to infant mortality. Bengkulu Provincial Health Office recorded that 36,917 babies were born alive in Bengkulu province in 2020, weighed as many as 34,151 babies with LBW as many as 860 babies (3%). North Bengkulu Regency is the district with the largest infant mortality rate (20.28%) and the largest LBW incidence rate is 5%. This study aims to determine the relationship between maternal age, gestational age and preeclampsia with the incidence of low birth weight babies in Arga Makmur Hospital.

The research design used is an analytic survey with a case control design. The population total number of babies born in 2021 at the Arga Makmur Hospital, amounting to 1,573 people. The sample in this study was 546 respondents, who were taken using the Sugiyono formula. Data were analyzed using univariate analysis, chi-square test and multiple logistic regression.

The results relationship between maternal age and the incidence of LBW (ρ=0.000). There is a relationship between gestational age and the incidence of LBW (ρ = 0.000). There is a relationship between preeclampsia and the incidence of LBW (ρ=0.000). The most dominant factor related to the incidence of LBW is gestational age (ρ = 0.000 and OR = 56.521) this means that pregnant women with gestational age <37 weeks have an opportunity to experience LBW 56.521 times greater than pregnant women with gestational age 37-42 weeks.

Suggestions for Arga Makmur Hospital to be able to cooperate with the health office or other cross-sectors in order to provide counseling and knowledge to health workers at the puskesmas level so that they can take preventive actions before the occurrence of LBW. Health workers need to improve integrated antenatal care and screening during pregnancy so that it will reduce the risk when the baby is born.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Balaka, S. N. (2017). Hubungan Preeklampsia dengan Bayi Berat Lahir Rendah (BBLR) di Rumah Sakit Umum Bahteramas Provinsi Sulawesi Tenggara Tahun 2016. Politeknik Kesehatan Kendari. http://repository.poltekkes-kdi.ac.id/73/
Delfina, S., Carolita, I., Habsah, S., & Ayatillahi, S. (2021). Jurnal Kesehatan Tambusai. Analisis Determinan Faktor Risiko Kejadian Diabetes Mellitus Tipe 2 Pada Usia Produktif, 2(4), 69–75. https://garuda.kemdikbud.go.id/
Faradila, M., Suhaimi, D., & Ernalia, Y. (2016). Hubungan usia, jarak kelahiran dan kadar hemoglobin ibu hamil dengan kejadian berat bayi lahir rendah di RSUD Arifin Achmad Provinsi Riau. Jurnal Online Mahasiswa Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Riau, 3(3), 1–17.
Ismayanah, I., Nurfaizah, N., & Syatirah, S. (2020). Manajemen Asuhan Kebidanan Bayi Baru Lahir Pada Bayi Ny “I” Dengan Berat Badan Lahir Rendah (Bblr) Di Rsud Syekh Yusuf Kabupaten Gowa Tanggal 23 Juli - 25 Juli 2019. Jurnal Midwifery, 2(2), 60–70. https://doi.org/10.24252/jm.v2i2a2
Kesehatan, P., & Kendari, K. (2021). Disusun Dan Diajukan Sebagai Salah Satu Syarat Untuk menyelesaikan Pendidikan Diploma III Jurusan Teknologi Laboratorium Medis Politeknik Kesehatan Kemenkes Kendari. 1–43.
Ludyaningrum, R. M. (2016). PERILAKU BERKENDARA DAN JARAK TEMPUH DENGAN KEJADIAN ISPA PADA MAHASISWA UNIVERSITAS AIRLANGGA SURABAYA Driving Behavior and Mileage with the Incidence of URI on Students at Universitas Airlangga Surabaya. Jurnal Berkala Epidemiologi, 4(3), 384–395. https://doi.org/10.20473/jbe.v4i3
Mayestika, P., & Hasmira, M. H. (2021). Artikel Penelitian. Jurnal Perspektif, 4(4), 519. https://doi.org/10.24036/perspektif.v4i4.466
Murniati, L., Taherong, F., & Syatirah, S. (2021). Manajemen Asuhan Kebidanan Pada Bayi Baru Lahir Dengan Asfiksia (Literatur Review). Jurnal Midwifery, 3(1), 32–41. https://doi.org/10.24252/jmw.v3i1.21028
Nisa, K. (2019). Faktor-Faktor yang Mempengaruhi Kejadian Berat Badan Lahir Rendah (BBLR) di BPM Wilayah Kota Bengkulu Tahun 2019. Politeknik Kesehatan Kemenkes Bengkulu, 1–102. http://repository.poltekkesbengkulu.ac.id/id/eprint/231
Nur Aliyah Rangkuti, & Mei Adelina Harahap. (2020). Hubungan Pengetahuan Dan Usia Ibu Hamil Dengan Kehamilan Risiko Tinggi Di Puskesmas Labuhan Rasoki. Education and Development, 9(4), 513.
Puspitaningrum, E. M., Kebidanan, A., Mitra, J., & Kematian, A. (2018). Deskriptif Analitik. Jurnal Kesehatan, 7(2), 1–7.
Rantung, F. A. (2015). Pancaran Kasih Gmim Manado. 1–6.
Sulistiani, K. (2014). Faktor Risiko Kejadian Bayi Berat Lahir Rendah (BBLR) Di Wilayah Kerja Puskesmas Kota Tangerang Selatan tahun 2012-2014. Universitas Islam Negri Syarif Hidayatullah.
Published
2023-12-31
How to Cite
Hartini, L., & Yusvita, H. (2023). Hubungan Usia Ibu, Usia Kehamilan dan Preeklampsia Dengan Kejadian Bayi Berat Lahir Rendah di RSUD Arga Makmur. JURNAL MEDIA KESEHATAN, 16(2), 1-12. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.33088/jmk.v16i1.943