• Ferdianti Enggoa
  • Rachmawati, Ratna Dewi
Keywords: Hormonal Contraceptives, Pre-Cancer Lesions, Parity, Married Age, Mother Age


The prevalence of cervical cancer in Indonesia is estimated in every day that
41 new cases of cervical cancer and about 20 people every day die. Bengkulu province
ranked fourth with a prevalence of cancer of 1.9% with the total number of cervical
cancer patients in 2015 as many as 705 cases. Early detection of pre-cancerous lesions
through IVA test. Factors affecting pre-cancerous lesions consist of marital age, age,
parity and hormonal contraceptive use. The purpose of this research is to know the factors
that influence the incidence of pre-cancer lesions in the Region of Puskesmas Care
Kembang Seri Talang Empat Sub-district, Central Bengkulu Regency Year 2017. This
research is analytical descriptive research with case control design. Samples A case group
of women with positive IVA test results of 36 people with total sampling technique and
women's control group with negative IVA test results with a 1: 1 comparison was taken
with a simple random technique. Data were analyzed using Chi-Square test and Binary
Logistic Regression. The results showed that nearly half of the respondents had positive
pre-cancerous lesions, mostly married ≤20 years, most of the use of hormonal
contraceptives ≥5 know, most respondents were mother's age> 35 years and mostly.
There is a relationship of married age, the use of hormonal contraceptives and parity to
the incidence of pre-cervical cancer lesions and no relationship of maternal age with the
incidence of cervical pre-cancer lesions The most influential factor on the incidence of
pre-cancerous lesions is married age. It is hoped that Puskesmas should be able to
coordinate and cooperate with cross-sectional about the age of menikha that must be done
at age> 20 years and do ekrjasama with school parties to prevent teenage pregnancy by
doing cooperation with organization of PIK-R.


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How to Cite
Enggoa, F., & Ratna Dewi, R. (2018). FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG MEMPENGARUHI KEJADIAN LESI PRA KANKER. JURNAL MEDIA KESEHATAN, 11(1), 039-045. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.33088/jmk.v11i1.355